Is CBD Oil Good For Arthritis Pain? A Brief Look at the Research

Cannabidiol (CBD) oil also known as hemp oil, has gained popularity over the past few years with most pain patients. The oil is a medicinal product that is gotten from the marijuana plant which largely comprises of cannabidiols as the primary chemical. Most people associate cannabis with weed smoking which results in a ‘high’ effect. Unlike tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) that results in a psychoactive effect, CBD oils don’t contain any THC compound in them.

Researchers have published in recent studies that CBD oil plays a crucial role in pain management and have focused on certain conditions that usually cause pain such as arthritis, fibromyalgia, prevention of Alzheimer’s among others. While the results have so far been helpful, it’s important to note that CBD oil hasn’t been O.K.ed by the United States Food and Drug Association and hence you may not get it prescribed by your doctor.

In this article, we’ll look at the benefits of CBD oil, how you can use it if you have arthritis and any side effects that it causes.
CBD Oil Research in Arthritis Pain Management

More than 50 million Americans become disabled as a result of arthritis. In fact, arthritis is one of the leading causes of disability. There are two types of arthritis: Mainly, Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and Osteoarthritis (OA). RA is an autoimmune disease whereby a person’s immune system attacks their joints leading to inflammation.

This type of arthritis affects the feet and hands and leads to swollen joints that are stiff and painful. On the other hand, Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease that affects the bones and joint cartilage and causes stiffness and pain. It usually affects the thumb, hip and knee joints. Different studies have shown that the use of CBD oil can help in the treatment of arthritis and help lessen the inflammatory pain associated with the condition.

In 2006, scientists carried out a trial to evaluate the use of CBD oil in the treatment of RA. After five weeks of use, researchers found out that a cannabis-based medication known as Sativex significantly improved pain and reduced inflammation. Users also reported experiencing mild side effects and improved sleep. Another review in 2008 found that CBD oil is quite effective in the treatment of chronic pain which is mostly associated with arthritis and had no negative side effects.

While the research done has so far been promising, the studies done are quite a few and there is a need for researchers to carry out more research especially using human participants so as to get a full understanding of the effects of CBD oil in the treatment of arthritis and other pain-related conditions.

Using CBD Oil in Arthritis Pain

CBD oil, just like THC, affects the brain activity. However, the compounds found in CBD oil do not cause any psychoactive effect that happens when one consumes THC. In addition, CBD oil affects different receptors from the ones THC affects. CBD oil affects the CB1 and CB2 receptors in order to lessen the pain as well as the effects of inflammations.

Besides, CB2 also plays a key role in the body’s immune system. For instance, in Rheumatoid arthritis, the immune system attacks the joint tissues. The immune system relationship is a good explanation of why CBD oil is effective for RA symptoms. The chemicals found in CBD oil also have anti-inflammatory effects that help stop or slow down the progression of RA which over time, causes permanent damage to the joints. The anti-inflammatory effects found in CBD oil are very beneficial in reducing almost all types of inflammation-related to arthritis pain as well as other symptoms such as fatigue.

CBD oil is available in different forms either as liquid, capsule, gummies or lotion. You can choose the capsule which you can swallow by mouth or add the liquid to water or food. If you prefer to use the CBD liquid oil, you can choose to mix it with the day-to-day lotion that you use and apply it to your joints. For joint pains, however, it’s advisable to get the lotion that has CBD oil as an ingredient. You can apply it to the joint areas that are inflamed and stiff.

Dosage and Side Effects

As mentioned, while researchers have been studying CBD oil in pain management for different conditions as arthritis, it’s important to remember that CBD oil doesn’t have approval from the FDA and your doctor may not directly recommend or prescribe it. So far, the FDA has only approved CBD oil in the treatment of two types of severe and rare epilepsy. In addition, CBD oil is not legal in all states in the United States, and it’s important that you check whether your state allows its use.

However, if you have considered all your options and have settled for it, it’s still important to consult a doctor and have them assist you to figure out the best dose for you. While some products may contain up to 1,000 milligrams of CBD oil in each dose, others may contain as little as 2.5 milligrams. Although certain patients have reported no side effects with the use of CBD oil, others have reported side effects.

Some side effects reported when using CBD oil include diarrhea, nausea, fatigue, appetite changes, irritability, sleeping issues, and vomiting. It’s, therefore, necessary that you be careful with its use. If you are starting out on CBD oil, consider starting with a small dose to see how your body will react. If there are no side effects after several uses, you can gradually increase the dosage.

There are over 100 brands of CBD oil, including oils specifically for pain relief. As such, it’s crucial that when choosing CBD oil product that you ensure it has a full list of all the ingredients and that it’s from a trusted provider. Also, always remember that while there has been progress in trying to study CBD oil in the treatment of arthritis and there are promising results, there is a need for scientists to still conduct more research to establish and say with certainty that it can be used in the treatment of arthritis.